The T-60 scout tank was a light tank produced by the Soviet Union from 1941 to 1942. In this time over 6,292 were built. The tank was designed to replace the obsolete T-38 amphibious scout tank.
Nicholas Astrov's design team at Moscow Factory No. 37
was assigned the task of designing amphibious and non-amphibious scout
tanks in 1938. They produced the T-30A and T-30B prototypes. The former
was to be manufactured as the T-40 amphibious tank starting in 1940. It also led to the T-40S (sukhoputniy,
"dry-land" version), a heavier tank prototype which was considered too
complex to manufacture. The T-30B prototype, sharing the T-40's chassis
but simpler in construction and with heavier armour, was accepted as the
T-60 scout tank, and began production in July 1941, just after the German invasion.
Although at first intended to carry a 12.7 mm machine gun like the
T-40, the armament was later upgraded to the 20 mm TNSh cannon, a tank
version of the ShVAK, on the advisement of the People's Commissar for Tank Industry, Vyacheslav Malyshev.
This weapon could penetrate 15 mm of perpendicular armour at 500 m
range which proved inadequate against the newer up-armored German tank
designs thus attempts were made in 1942 to re-arm the T-60 with the
37 mm ZIS-19
cannon, but were abandoned due to the Soviet Union's shortage of 37 mm
ammunition. Due to this a new project started as to house the standard
45mm tank gun on a modified turret. That became impossible, and a new
turret designed and tested successfully in the summer 1942. The new
turret had the gun moved to its right side as to make more room for the
crew member and a co-axial machine gun added. At the end the project
terminated when STAVKA choose T-70 as the new standard light tank which had matured earlier that year.
The T-60 was also used in the design of the experimental T-90 antiaircraft tank.
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I found a papermodel of the T-60 for free in the internet and I had nothing else to do than to built it at once. It has been no easy project, but with some additional details and extra painting it looks not bad.
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