The Heinkel He 277 was a four-engine, long-range heavy bomber design, a derivative of the He 177, intended for production and use by the German Luftwaffe during World War II. The main difference was in engine configuration. Rather than using two fire-prone Daimler-Benz DB 606 "power system" engines, each of which consisted of side-by-side paired Daimler-Benz DB 601s, the He 277 was meant from the outset to use four BMW 801E 14-cylinder radial engines, each mounted in an individual nacelle and each turning a three-blade, four-meter diameter propeller. The design was never produced, owing both to the deteriorating condition of the German aviation industry late in the war, and the competition from other long-range bomber designs from other firms, competing for Germany's increasingly scarce aviation production capacity. Although not specifically built for it at first, partially due to the time-frame in the spring of 1942 in which its ultimate niche was requested for by the RLM, the He 277 essentially became Heinkel's entry in the important trans-oceanic range Amerika Bomber competition, struggling to compete against both several other designs from rival firms in the competition for a truly trans-oceanic ranged bomber for the Luftwaffe, and Germany's own rapidly degrading ability, from Allied bombing damage to its aviation plants, to produce military aircraft of any sort.
The last competing aircraft design that threatened the He 277's chance for increasingly scarce production capacity was the Junkers Ju 488, a composite of earlier developments of the Junkers Ju 88 twin-engined fast medium bomber
design, with a few core components being purpose-designed solely for
it, that were brought together to create a four-engined heavy bomber
while using already-available components.
Two prototype Ju 488s had been completed by the start of the summer of
1944, but were each sabotaged to unairworthy status by the French
resistance by mid-July 1944, before either one had ever been flown.
In April 1944, simultaneously with the four He 177B prototypes either
flying (He 177 V101 to V103) or nearing completion (V104) at the Heinkel-Süd
facility at Schwechat, the RLM ordered Heinkel to cease any further
work on the He 277 project, and all components were also ordered to be
scrapped, without any complete examples of the 277 ever having been
completed by Heinkel, only three months before the Jägernotprogramm took over all German military aircraft production priorities on July 3, 1944 — with only the Heinkel He 162 Spatz
lightweight jet fighter contract winner allowed to progress into
production by the RLM from Heinkel's firm from that time forward.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia & Luft Archiv
Der Tarnanstrich des Modells ist fiktiv - basiert
aber auf Tarnschemen, die von der Luftwaffe während der Endphase des Zweiten
Weltkrieges benutzt wurde.
almost fictive - but based on a camouflage-sheme used by the Luftwaffe during
the last days of the Second World War.
Ich lege großen Wert auf die Feststellung, daß die
Symbole der NS-Zeit ( Swastikas ) lediglich einer originalgetreuen Wiedergabe
und Darstellung der Modelle dienen. Eine politische Einstellung / Gesinnung
kann und sollte nicht davon abgeleitet werden !
Den allgemein geltenden Gesetzen und Richtlinien,
die zwar eine Ausstellung von NS-Symbolen erlaubt, aber eine Verherrlichung
verbietet, wird somit entsprochen !
I attach great importance to the
statement that the symbols of the Nazi period ( Swastikas ) serve only a
faithful reproduction of the models. A political attitude can and should not be
derived from it. The generally applicable laws and regulations, which allow an
exhibition of Nazi symbols, will therefore be satisfied.
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