Sonntag, 30. März 2014

Hawker Tempest Mk.V intercepting Fieseler Fi 103 ( V1 / doodlebug ) - Airfix 1/72

To many, the London Blitz is an integral part of the image of World War II. However, the Blitz lasted only for two periods, not the entire war. The first was between August 1940 and May 1941. The second was the era of the flying bomb.

 Quelle : doodlebugs and rockets

The V-1, also known as a 'doodlebug', was an early example of what is today known as a cruise missile. The first V-1 strike on London was on June 13, 1944, although the rockets were invented some time earlier. Bomb strikes on the launch sites kept them from being effective until mobile launchers were invented. This strike took out the railway bridge on Grove Road. Many watchers initially mistook the V-1 for a plane and the fire of its rocket engine for signs that the plane was hit.
The truth was that the age of the unmanned aerial attack had arrived. With about 190 being fired in every day, the doodlebugs flew both day and night. Previous Blitz raids had taken place only at night, when the British fighters found it harder to eliminate the German bombers. The expendable V-1s changed all of that. The sound of the V-1's engines was compared to a motorcycle that would shut off fifteen seconds before the impact. Because they could be heard coming, they had value as a terror weapon. In fact, over a million people fled London as a direct result of the doodlebug raids. Some V-1 warheads caused devastation over a 600 yard radius, although the average was closer to 400.
It is estimated that over 14,000 people were killed by doodlebugs. Far more were injured and the property damage was almost immeasurable. For example, on June 30, Aldwych was hit, immediately outside the Air Ministry. The blast walls partially held, channeling the energy of the blast down the street and mowing down pedestrians. Fifty people were killed. In September 1944, the V-1 was replaced by the V-2, the world's first ballistic missile.
The physical and psychological impact of the doodlebug attacks was considerable. The effect on civilian morale was far greater than that of the plane-based attacks of the earlier Blitz. Despite this, many people did choose to remain in London and face the attacks. Both the garden Anderson and in-house Morrison shelters proved to be remarkably effective against the V-1s. Tube station shelters, which had also seen use in the early part of the Blitz, were re-opened, and new deep shelters built along the line of the Northern Line. The last V-1 to land on English soil landed at Swanscombe, Kent on March 28 1945, less than two months before V-E day.
Despite its effect on civilian morale and the large amount of damage done, the V-1s did not help Hitler win the war. indeed, they seem to have had very little impact on the end result. However, they were an unforgettable and traumatic experience for many Londoners, and also set the stage for much of modern air warfare.

From: humanities360

Keine Kommentare:

Kommentar veröffentlichen