The Sikorsky H-19 Chickasaw, (also known by its Sikorsky model number, S-55) was a multi-purpose helicopter used by the United States Army and United States Air Force. It was also license-built by Westland Aircraft as the Westland Whirlwind in the United Kingdom. United States Navy and United States Coast Guard models were designated HO4S, while those of the U.S. Marine Corps were designated HRS. In 1962, the U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard and U.S. Marine Corps versions were all redesignated as H-19s like their U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force counterparts.
The H-19 Chickasaw holds the distinction of being the US Army's first
true transport helicopter and, as such, played an important role in the
initial formulation of Army doctrine regarding air mobility and the
battlefield employment of troop-carrying helicopters. The H-19 underwent
live service tests in the hands of the 6th Transportation Company,
during the Korean War beginning in 1951 as an unarmed transport helicopter. Undergoing tests such as medical evacuation, tactical control and front-line cargo support, the helicopter succeeded admirably in surpassing the capabilities of the H-5 Dragonfly which had been used throughout the war by the Army.
The U.S. Air Force ordered 50 H-19A's for rescue duties in 1951. These
aircraft were the primary rescue and medical evacuation helicopters for
the USAF during the Korean War. The Air Force continued to use the H-19
through the 1960s, ultimately acquiring 270 of the H-19B model.
France made aggressive use of helicopters in Algeria, both as troop
transports and gunships, Piasecki/Vertol H-21 and Sud-built Sikorski
H-34 helicopters rapidly displaced fixed-wing aircraft for the transport
of paras and quick-reaction commando teams. In Indochina, a small
number of Hiller H-23s
and Sikorsky H-19s were available for casualty evacuation. In 1956, the
French Air Force experimented with arming the H-19, then being
superseded in service by the more capable Piasecki H-21 and Sikorsky H-34
helicopters. The H-19 was originally fitted with a 20-mm cannon, two
rocket launchers, two 12.7-mm machine guns, and a 7.5-mm light machine
gun firing from the cabin windows, but this load proved far too heavy,
and even lightly armed H-19 gunships fitted with flexible machine guns
for self-defense proved underpowered.
The H-19 was also used in the early days of the Vietnam War before being supplanted by the Sikorsky H-34 Choctaw, which was based on the H-19.
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The model :
I got an old Whirlwind-kit and modified it to an Sikorsky H-19. The cockpit is completely scratchbuilt and the instrument panel is a print scaled down from an original foto. The cabin has been fitted with a mesh behind the new clear plasticwindows made of a joghurt cup.
Antennas of plasticsheet have been added in the front of the helicopter nose and above the tailback. Handles made of wire are fitted near the cockpit and the fins have been pushed up into a horizontal direction. The exhaust is made of drilled tin-solder. Many scratch built details completed the rotor head. The weathered outfit I created with three different shades of green.
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